Termite pre-treatment to new structures is one of the things that everyone should do. The cost of termite pre-treatment is minimal compared to the costs to work on a house with a termite issue.
There are different types of treatments which are typically applied during construction, at certain times, depending on the type of structure. Properly treated structures are sometimes able to resist termites for a much longer period of time, and termiticides applied during construction are generally applied to areas that are unavailable after construction is complete. This would tend to make pre-treatments much more preferable to post treatments.
• Slab on Treatment: This treatment is applied during the construction process. Applied directly to the areas that can be vulnerable to termite infestation. After all slab areas are prepared by filling and leveling, termiticides are applied to the surface just previous to pouring the concrete slab.
• Fumigation / Tenting: Fumigation is a method of using a lethal gas to exterminate pests within an enclosed space. There are two fumigation methods used. One is to seal the structure with plastic, tape, or other materials, and the other is to enclose the structure in a tent of vinyl-coated nylon tarpaulins. When conducting whole-structure fumigation, we will follow a proven process that has been used successfully for over half a century to ensure all the drywood termites are eliminated. To determine whether you have drywood termites and require fumigation, contact your local pest control experts.
• Local Treatments: Not all homes need to be fumigated. If your home only has a few small areas of drywood termite infestations and they are accessible for treatment, localized treatments can be very effective. Each home is unique so treatment should be customized accordingly. By working closely with your termite specialist, you can develop an appropriate and effective termite treatment plan for your home. The most common termite treatment options are outlined below.
There are more than 40 species of termites in the U.S. Because different species require different control methods, it is very important that your pest control expert correctly identify the termites before treating an infestation. We will be focusing on the 4 main groups that will be dealt with. For more information regarding the various types of termites please contact your local pest control experts.
Just as the name suggests, drywood termites live in dry wood. Unlike many other termite species, they do not need contact with the soil to survive. These termites commonly target the wood in your home’s structural timbers, framing, furniture and hardwood flooring. Wood consumed by drywood termites appears very clean and smooth – as if the wood had been smoothed by sand paper. They are usually found in warmer climates that do not reach freezing temperatures in the winter. However, this species of termite can survive in northern climates in homes with air conditioning.
Dampwood termites live only in wood with high moisture content. Most dampwood termite species do not require contact with the soil to survive, and are often found in moist or decaying wood in logs, stumps and dead trees. Dampwood termites leave few external signs of wood damage, with the amount and pattern of damage depending on the degree of wood decay. They are visibly larger than other termite species. There are several species of dampwood termites in the United States, the majority of which live in the Pacific coast and Southwest regions, and from central to southern Florida.
Subterranean termites live in the soil underground. This termite species prefers to eat soft, spring wood fiber, which means wood damaged by subterranean termites has a honeycombed appearance, with only the grain left behind. Unlike drywood termite colonies, subterranean termite colonies can contain thousands of workers.
Subterranean termites are found in every state in the U.S., except Alaska.Typically these type of termite infestations are most common in warmer climates, particularly in southern and southeastern states.
Formosan termites are the most destructive species of subterranean termite in the United States. Formosan termites may be distinguished from other subterranean termite species by their slightly larger size and yellowish brown bodies. Formosan termite colonies are typically larger than subterranean colonies, numbering up to hundreds of thousands of members. It is this size difference that allows them to cause significantly more severe damage than other species of termites. This type of termite can be found across the southern United States, from California to Louisiana to Florida and Georgia.